|Ericeae may be supported by a gradually tapering style (char. #73; Fig. 19). However, this character is quite homoplasious. A persistent corolla (char. #48; Fig. 20) is a synapomorphy for Calluna plus remaining Ericeae, but this character is lacking in Daboecia. As pointed out by Stevens (1971), Daboecia is rather similar to Erica in its anatomy, having flanges of lignified tissue in the petiole; it also has small revolute leaves, which are nearly ericoid in form. Some South African species of Erica are wind-pollinated and have dramatically expanded cup-shaped or funnel-shaped stigmas.|
|Ericeae DC. ex Duby, Bot. Gall. 1: 316. 1829 (as Ericaceae). – Type
genus: Erica L.
Calluneae Klotzsch, Monatsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss.
Berlin 1857: 3. 1857.
Daboecieae Cox, Am. Midl. Nat., 39: 238. 1948.
Eleutherostemoneae Klotzsch, Linnaea 12: 217. 1838 (as
Eleutherostemoninae Meisn., Pl. Vasc. Gen.: Tab. Diagn.
244. 1839 (as Eleutherostemones).
Ericinae D. Don, New Philos. J. Edinburgh 17: 152. 1834 (as
Salaxideae Drude in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. IV,
1: 32. 1889.
Salaxidinae Engl., Gen. Pl.: 751. 1839 (as Salaxideae)
Shrubs to trees, evergreen, with 3- or 4(6)-whorled, rarely decussate or alternate, ericoid leaves, revolute in bud. Leaf epidermal cells not lignified. Indumentum of unbranched or branched, glandular to non-glandular hairs. Inflorescence racemose to umbellate, at end of branch; bract always present, on the main axis or partially recaulescent to fully recaulescent forming the abaxial lobe of calyx; bracteoles lacking, solitary, or paired, usually fully recaulescent as the lateral lobes of calyx, rarely more than two. Flowers usually 4-merous, actinomorphic. Calyx lobes 1—4(-5), or lacking, variable in size, persistent; corolla sympetalous, urceolate, cylindric, or campanulate, the lobes ± small, usually persistent; stamens (3-)8(-10), sometimes exserted, the filaments straight to S-shaped, distinct or connate, unicellular-pubescent or smooth; anthers variably roughened, with or without a pair of dorsal appendages, dehiscing by terminal pores. Pollen without viscin threads. Ovary (1-)4(-8)-locular, with axile placentation, superior; style gradually tapered or impressed; stigma truncate, capitate, peltate, cup-shaped, funnel-shaped, or strongly 4-lobed, considerably enlarged in wind pollinated species. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, indehiscent pod, or drupe; seeds with variable testa cells; embryo with 2 cotyledons.